KEMHRC Pune started its activities in 1972 with a vision to strive for excellence and to encourage clinicians and social scientists in conducting quality research. The Vadu Rural Health Program (VRHP), run under KEMHRC is now an internationally acclaimed research centre for its work and efforts in community health.

A flagship activity of VRHP- Vadu HDSS, conducts longitudinal biannual follow-up of the population of around 170000, and cross-sectional surveys like socio economic, morbidity and nutritional status at regular intervals. Moreover, VRHP has conducted observational studies including disease burden, social science research, and laboratory-based studies. The KEMHRC team is multidisciplinary and has good experience of working in community level clinical trials and epidemiological studies. VRHP`s participation in conducting large community based GCP compliant phase II/ III vaccine trials for meningitis, measles, typhoid and rotavirus vaccines is one important contribution towards vaccine development globally. VRHP has been directly working with the government for effective implementation of many locally and nationally relevant public health programs.

KEMHRC is recognized as research center by the Department of Scientific and Industrial Research (Government of India).  All applicants/partners have been in partnership with national level institutions including the Indian Council of Medical Research, the Department of Biotechnology, Government of India and the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Government of India.